Original Article|Articles in Press

Relationship between pre-procedural non-ischemic ST-segment depression and the clinical outcomes after catheter ablation in persistent atrial fibrillation patients

Published:March 04, 2023DOI:


      • Non-ischemic ST-segment depression during atrial fibrillation rhythm is common.
      • ST-segment depression related to late arrhythmia recurrence after ablation.
      • Lead locations and types of ST depression did not relate to post-ablation outcome.



      ST-segment depression suggests the presence of coronary artery disease (CAD) during sinus rhythm, but the clinical significance, including the outcomes after catheter ablation (CA), in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients remain unknown.


      The present study included persistent AF (PerAF) patients from the Osaka Rosai Atrial Fibrillation ablation (ORAF) registry who underwent an initial ablation and had no history of CAD. We assigned the patients based on the presence of ST-segment depression before CA and evaluated the impact of relevant factors on ST-segment depression and the relationship between ST-segment depression, including leads locations (anterior leads, inferior leads, and lateral leads) or depression type (upsloping, horizontal, and downsloping) or the degree of ST-segment depression and late recurrence of AF (LRAF).


      This study population included a total of 551 patients of whom 189 had ST-segment depression. The median follow-up duration was 397 days and LRAF occurred in 195 patients. By multiple regression analysis, diabetes mellitus, hemoglobin, brain natriuretic peptide, left ventricular ejection fraction, and left atrial diameter were significant determinants of ST-segment depression before CA. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that the patients with ST-segment depression had a significantly greater risk of LRAF than those without (p < 0.001). Multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis showed ST-segment depression was independently and significantly associated with a higher risk of LRAF (p < 0.001). The patients with ST-segment depression ≥0.15 mV had a significantly higher risk of LRAF than those with ST-segment depression ≥0.15 mV (p < 0.001). No significant differences among the ST-segment depression lead locations and ST-segment depression type were observed.


      Non-ischemic ST-segment depression during AF rhythm was significantly associated with LRAF post CA in PerAF patients.

      Graphical abstract


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